INNOVATIVE FERTILIZERS FOR AGRICOLTURE, WITH “BIOECOACTIVE®” PARTICLES TECHNOLOGY
Characteristics of the particles Nanotechnology permits the synthesis of new materials: thanks to their nanometric dimensions, they have particular physico-chemical characteristics as well as an area and a surface reactivity that make them able to perform innovative functions and unusual behavior, if compared with traditional materials. For these reasons they deserve the appellation of “smart materials”.
Bio Eco Active Srl was founded in May 2012: it represents an innovative Start Up in this field, which is able to synthesize geomimetic hydroxyapatite, made up of nanostructured and biocompatible microcrystals. They imitate the behavior of geological apatite crystals, as regards the presence of specific metals in their structure, which are active in agrifoods sector and have common characteristics with the mineral component of soil. “BIOECOACTIVE®” nanocrystals are characterised by lamellar shape, with a medium lenght and width of 100-150 nm; their surface area is equal to 100-120 m2/g.
“BIOECOACTIVE®” particles Bio Eco Active Srl produces these particles thanks to an exclusive method of synthesis, using an eco-friendly technology, which respects the environment and does not use solvents or toxic substances. This technology is inspired by biological and geological synthetic processes that take place in nature.
“BIOECOACTIVE®” particles’ activity Calcium phosphate crystals that are used, present a thin and amorphous surface layer, where cations and anions are not structurally neutralised and can bind biologically active molecules and ions, such as Potassium, Zinc, Manganese, Boron and Iron (in addition to the carbonate group).
Functions of “BIOECOACTIVE®” particles
“BIOECOACTIVE®” particles contain Calcium and other elements (such as Potassium, Zinc, Manganese, Boron and Iron, besides phosphate and carbonate), which contribute to improve the natural resistance of the plant.
Calcium is one of the elements that are essential for the plant nutrition and is absorbed by the soil. Also the other compounds are fundamental nutrients for the plant. They can be found inside the structure of “BIOECOACTIVE®” particles; they are slowly released on the surface of the treated leaves, representing an innovative fertilizing method.
Moreover, the special structure of the particles determines the presence of considerable weak surface charges, to which ions of each element (contained in large amounts in fertilizers) can bind. “BIOECOACTIVE®” particles are at the base of the formulation of specific foliar fertilizers, such as:
– Bio 3 Ferro, composed of Iron;
– Bio 9 Rame Plus, composed of Copper, Zinc and Manganese;
– Bio Eco Top, composed of Copper, Zinc and Selenium.
These fertilizers are recommended when deficiencies occur. They are characterised by a double kinetics release of micronutrients: at first, “BIOECOACTIVE®” particles gradually release the elements that are externally linked and then, through a slower process, the elements that are contained inside the particles themselves.
In this way, the effectiveness of “BIOECOACTIVE®” particles is due to the synergy between the different releasing processes, which enhances the efficacy of the elements involved.